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Global state of conditions report: wine developments and trends

Global wine consumption in 2014, estimated at 240 millions of hectolitres, dropped slightly by 2.4 millions of hectolitres compared with 2013, within an overall context of stabilisation since 2009

Development of the world area under vines: moving towards a trend reversal? Since the end of the grubbing measures in the European Union (EU), plantations in Asia and South America have slightly overcompensated for the reduction in the EU vineyards, as well as the Australian areas under vines.

World wine production: the year 2014 is at a good average
Following a record year in 2013 (291 mhl), a good level of global wine production was reached in 2014 (279 mhl).
In Europe, France and Germany recorded huge increases of +11% (46.7 mhl and 9.3 mhl respectively). Meanwhile, Romania, Italy and Spain saw respective declines of 20%, 17% and 9% (4 mhl, 44.7 mhl and 41.6 mhl), after significant harvests in 2013.
Outside Europe, the United States (22.3 mhl) and South Africa (11.3 mhl) maintained good levels of production. Production stabilised in Argentina (15.1 mhl) and saw a slight decrease in Australia (12 mhl). New Zealand's record production (3.2 mhl) should also be highlighted. The most significant declines were in Chile (-18% with 10.5 mhl) and China (-5% with 11.1 mhl).

Global wine consumption: a slight drop in 2014

2014 World wine consumption is estimated at 240 mhl, a decrease of 2.4 mhl compared with 2013. The traditional consumer countries resumed their downward trend (or stagnation), to the advantage of new consumer countries both in Europe and in the rest of the world.
With 30.7 mhl, the United States confirmed its position as the biggest global consumer country.
France (27.9 mhl) and Italy (20.4 mhl), in keeping with past trends, resumed their decline between 2013 and 2014, by 0.9 mhl and 1.4 mhl respectively.
The level of consumption in China is estimated at 15.8 mhl: a reduction of 1.2 mhl compared with 2013.

International trade: resumption of growth in terms of volume (104 mhl) and stabilisation in terms of value at 26bn EUR

In 2014, the world wine trade increased by 2.6% compared with 2013 in terms of volume, but stayed at the same value.
The bottled export share was still significant, with a slight rise for sparkling wines (+1%) between 2013 and 2014, and a further increase in bulk wine exports.
2015: a production broadly comparable to that of 2014 in the southern hemisphere
Early estimates of wine production in the southern hemisphere lead us to anticipate a slight reduction in 2015 of around 3% compared with 2014, placing it within the range of 53 to 57 mhl.

Abbreviations:
kha: thousands of hectares
mha: millions of hectares
khl: thousands of hectolitres
mhl: millions of hectolitres
bn: billion

Source: OIV

by S. C.
25 may 2015, Technical Area > Grapevine & Wine

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