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TECHNICAL AREA > SCIENCE NEWS

New sprayer technology reduces pesticide use

The new sprayer controls output to match targeted tree structures. The two-ton sprayer can treat either a single row, or two to six rows of trees at a time

S. C.

Pollinators vital to our food supply under threat

Between US$235 billion and US$577 billion worth of annual global food production relies on direct contributions by pollinators. 16 per cent of vertebrate pollinators are threatened with global extinction

S. C.

Better water management could halve the global food gap

Improved agricultural water management could halve the global food gap by 2050 and buffer some of the harmful climate change effects on crop yields. Investing in crop water management could substantially reduce hunger while at the same time making up for population growth

S. C.

The effect of light intensity and duration on vitamin C concentration in tomato fruits

Practical cultivation systems can be developed to increase the vitamin C concentration, enabling growers to give their products an added value.

R. T.

Eating less meat might not be the way to go green

Reduced meat consumption might not lower greenhouse gas emissions from one of the world’s biggest beef producing regions, new research has found. The finding may seem incongruous, as intensive agriculture is responsible for such a large proportion of global greenhouse gas emissions

S. C.

How LED lighting treatments affect greenhouse tomato quality

Tomato plants received supplemental lighting from high-pressure sodium lamps or from intracanopy (IC) LED towers. Results showed that tomato quality was largely unaffected by the type of light treatment

S. C.

Optimize water usage and improve irrigation

70% of the world’s water is used for agriculture and food production. Irrigated agriculture accounts for 20% of the total cultivated land but contributes 40% of the total food produced worldwide

S. C.

How to protect from Listeria monocytogenes?

According to Western Daily News, one such pathogen is Listeria monocytogenes, the causative organism for listeriosis in livestock. It is also capable of causing significant disease in humans

S. C.

Scientists produce beneficial natural compounds in tomato

One tomato can produce the same quantity of Resveratrol as exists in 50 bottles of red wine, suggest researchers who have learned how to produce this compound naturally.

S. C.

How to increase wheat yield during drought in rainfed environments

Researchers investigated the use of film-forming antitranspirants, which are emulsions of wax or latex that reduce water loss through transpiration, by forming a thin film on foliage

S. C.

The mycorrhizal fungi to decrease the amounts of fertilizers

While mycorrhizal fungi typically only grow on the roots of plants, recent bio-technological breakthroughs now allow scientists to produce massive quantities of the fungus that can be suspended in high concentrations in a gel for easy transportation

R. T.

The pollinator's decline could harm health of millions

Pollinators play a key role in roughly 35% of global food production and are directly responsible for up to 40% of the world’s supply of micronutrients such as vitamin A and folate

S. C.

Cancer drug makes fruit flies live longer

Death still seems to be inevitable, but we now have evidence to suggest it is possible to develop pharmacological treatments to keep us healthier for longer

S. C.

Climate change may dramatically reduce wheat production

A recent study involving Kansas State University researchers finds that in the coming decades at least one-quarter of the world's wheat traded will be lost to extreme weather from climate change if no adaptive measures are taken

T N

Gene may help reduce GM contamination

The researchers found a gene making a protein that naturally allows a small handful of plants to self-pollinate and make fruit before the flower opens

S. C.

When exposed to nitrogen fertilizer over a period of years, nitrogen-fixing bacteria called rhizobia evolve to become less beneficial to legumes

The researchers found that the plants grown with the nitrogen-exposed rhizobia produced 17 to 30 percent less biomass and significantly less chlorophyll than plants grown with rhizobia from the unfertilized plots

S. C.

GM crops: multiple toxins not a panacea for pest control

Overly optimistic assumptions about transgenic crops that produce two or more Bt toxins active against the same pest can lead to inadequate strategies for delaying evolution of pest resistance

S. C.

Biofuel without competition with food resources

The efficient production of both biofuel and animal feed from one crop is now possible, and can be done on a farm without the need for off-site processes

T N

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